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Temas em Psicologia

versão impressa ISSN 1413-389X


SANTOS, Mariana Michelena  e  KIENEN, Nádia. Teachers and students perceptions of bullying's characteristics in a elementary school. Temas psicol. [online]. 2014, vol.22, n.1, pp. 161-178. ISSN 1413-389X.

This study aims to analyze the perception of students and school teachers about the characteristics of bullying in schools. The sample was composed of 83 students and six teachers of a public school education in the region of Florianópolis. Two instruments have been used for data collection: a questionnaire and a semi-structured interview guide. The data obtained in the study were subjected to content analysis and descriptive statistical analysis. Among the findings it could be stated that: 94% of all students and teachers interviewed had witnessed some situations of bullying in school. Both students and teachers have a narrow definition of the concept of bullying and direct practices are more easily identified by students and teachers than the indirect practices. For students, the site of highest incidence of this phenomenon is the street, followed by the patio and in the classroom. Already teachers identified classroom and patio as most frequent sites of occurrence. Regarding the characteristics of bullies, respondents indicated that they tend to be of both sexes and older than their victims. The results indicate the need to reflect on the implementation of preventive programs in schools that aim to inform and equip the school community about bullying. Such programs can help reduce the occurrence of aggressive behavior and promote a healthy learning process.

Palavras-chave : Bullying; violence; school.

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