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Temas em Psicologia

Print version ISSN 1413-389X


VALENTINI, Felipe  and  LAROS, Jacob Arie. Intelligence and academic achievement: literature review. Temas psicol. [online]. 2014, vol.22, n.2, pp. 285-299. ISSN 1413-389X.

Intelligence is an important variable in the pursuit to comprehend academic achievement. The present study aimed to review the literature with regard to the relation between intelligence and academic achievement, highlighting variables that may influence this relation. The reviewed articles were classified into nine categories according to the main variables that have been investigated in relation to intelligence and academic achievement. These categories are related to personality traits, gender, cognition, ethnicity, positive and dysfunctional aspects, socioeconomic status, personal and school aspects. The reviewed articles indicate evidence that personality characteristics such as responsibility and self-discipline are positively associated with academic achievement. Other factors like creativity, motivation, self-perceived performance also seem to explain academic achievement. Furthermore, the main shortcomings of the scientific literature and directions for future research are presented.

Keywords : Intelligence; cognitive abilities; academic achievement.

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