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Temas em Psicologia

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GODOY, Dalva Maria Alves; FORTUNATO, Natália  and  PAIANO, Aline. Overview of the last decade of research with tests of phonological awareness. Temas psicol. [online]. 2014, vol.22, n.2, pp. 313-328. ISSN 1413-389X.

Phonological awareness constitutes a set of skills that have been shown to be directly related to the learning of reading and writing in different languages and orthographies. This paper aims to draw a panorama of Brazilian research that investigated these metalinguistic skills through the application of tests between the years 2000 and 2010. The sample, obtained from the portal of theses and dissertations of CAPES, was analyzed in several ways: by area of initial formation and the postgraduate level of the researchers; type of phonological awareness test used; theme of investigation, and type, features and range of schooling of the population investigated. Furthermore, special attention was given to longitudinal studies, training ones and ones with dyslexic subjects, in order to highlight the main results. The analysis shows the concentration of studies by professionals in the field of health with themes related to reading and writing in a population of children with no complaint of learning disabilities. Longitudinal studies, and especially the training ones showed the crucial nature of phonological awareness to alphabet learning. Research with dyslexics though unimpressive in number, pointed to the relevance of the damage in phonological awareness. These results confirm the importance of the skills of phonological awareness to the learning of reading and writing in Brazilian Portuguese, while indicating aspects to be better investigated and discussed.

Keywords : Phonological awareness; learning of reading and writing; dyslexia.

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