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Temas em Psicologia

Print version ISSN 1413-389X


MOURA JR, James Ferreira; CIDADE, Elívia Camurça; XIMENES, Verônica Morais  and  SARRIERA, Jorge Castellá. Conceptions of poverty: an invitation for a psychosocial discussion. Temas psicol. [online]. 2014, vol.22, n.2, pp. 341-352. ISSN 1413-389X.

This article aims to analyze the views of unidimensionality and multidimensionality of poverty in order to incorporate psychosocial dimensions that contribute to analysis of the complexity of this phenomenon. Poverty is generally based on monetary unidimensional of the conceptualization and measurement, restricting the analysis to poverty lines. There is, then, the multidimensional paradigm of the Capabilities Approach that extends the concept of poverty. It is built into the centrality of the autonomy and freedom of the individual in the exercise of their capabilities and functionings as elements of definition of poverty. However, in its practical perspective, the Capabilities approach is located generally in the identification of specific health issues, housing and living standards related to poverty. So, identifies the need to incorporate psychosocial dimensions that contribute to expansion of the critic understanding of this phenomenon and cover subjective, negative and positive aspects with regard to coping strategies developed by the poor. It is proposed to personal well-being, analysis of the sense of community, of discriminatory practices and fatalism of those in poverty. Therefore, it analyses the need and commitment of psychological science in developing knowledge to increase understanding of this phenomenon.

Keywords : Poverty; Psychology; psychosocial.

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