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Temas em Psicologia

Print version ISSN 1413-389X


SANTOS, Jérssia Laís Fonsêca dos et al. The relation between parenting styles and school engagement. Temas psicol. [online]. 2014, vol.22, n.4, pp. 759-769. ISSN 1413-389X.

The present study aimed to know the correlations between the dimensions (responsiveness and demand) of parenting styles and school engagement. Participants were 313 students, average age of 15.76 (SD = 1.50). Majority were females (55.6%) and from public school (77%). The participants answered the Parental Perception Questionnaire, School Engagement Scale and a sociodemographic questionaire. The results showed that the dimension responsiviness of maternal parenting styles correlated with the general factor of the School Engagement Scale (r = .25; p < .01) and the factors vigor (r = .24; p < .01), absorption (r = .21; p < .01) and dedication (r = .20; p < .01). Analyzing the results from MANOVA, were observed that the dimensions (responsiveness and demand) of the maternal parenting styles did not present any significant statistic effect, contrary to what happened to the School Engagement Scale, where significant differences were found in the education level [Wilk's lambda = .81, F(20.979) = 3.10, p < .001, effect size = .05], indicating that participants from 2º year of high school had higher average in the factors dedication and absorption and the general factor. Concludes that there is need for a pedagogic work of orientation for the parents to inform the importance role of parental responsiveness in the dedication of the children in the school activities.

Keywords : Parenting styles; school engagement; adolescents.

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