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Temas em Psicologia

versión impresa ISSN 1413-389X


PELLIZZETTI, Graziele Bueno de Farias Rebeiro  y  SOUZA, Silvia Regina de. Control by units smaller than the word: educational board game applied by mothers. Temas psicol. [online]. 2014, vol.22, n.4, pp. 823-837. ISSN 1413-389X.

The present research aimed to investigate whether an educational board game, based on the relations network and stimuli equivalence model, applied by mothers, leads to the reading and writing of taught words and new words formed by the recombination of syllables from these words. Three dyads (mother and her son) participated in the study. The children, 5 years of age and of typical development, attend preschool. The study was carried out in five stages: pretest, teaching mothers the use of the board, intervention/game, probe and follow-up. After completion of the study, mothers answered a questionnaire that assessed the game as a pedagogical resource. The game allowed the teaching of the relationship between the printed word, a group of syllables, pictures, handwritten and spoken word. Results showed that the mothers learned to use the board game and that the behavior of praising children's performance was more common than reprehending them or calling their attention. With the beginning of the intervention/game, there was an increase in the percentage of pictures and words matched correctly and syllables selected correctly. Although there was an increase in the percentage of teaching words that were read correctly and of correct pairings, this performance did not remain constant throughout the sessions. All mothers indicated the positive aspects of the use of the board game. The results reaffirm the need for technologies to teach reading and writing skills which allow for the involvement of parents as well as the need for more research in the area.

Palabras clave : Parents; reading and writing; board game; stimulus equivalence; behavior analysis.

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