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Temas em Psicologia

versão impressa ISSN 1413-389X


FARO, André. Stress and distress: study with faces scale in Aracaju (SE). Temas psicol. [online]. 2015, vol.23, n.2, pp. 341-354. ISSN 1413-389X.

This research aimed to collect data about self-perception of stress in Aracaju (SE), as well as to identify the presence of distress, to characterize the sociodemographic profile and health habits of the sample and map out relationships of these profiles on the variability of stress and distress. The sampling was performed by flow point, with 2135 adults that were in the main commercial center of Aracaju (SE). It used a questionnaire for characterization the sociodemographic and health profiles, whereas the stress and distress were measured by Faces Scale (seven points). For multivariate statistical analysis, it estimated the impact of sociodemographic and health variables on stress by linear regression, and on distress with logistic regression. Concerning the results, 15.1% of participants showed distress and the mean of the faces scale was three points (standard deviation = 1.5). The variables income, gender, to smoke and physical activity practice showed statistical significance in relation to stress. In modeling by linear and logistic regression, to smoke and female sex have been additive impact on stress. The average family income (equal to or above ten minimum wages) and practice regular physical activity have been subtractive impact on stress. We also discussed, besides the models, features of stress measure and differences observed in analysis by linear and logistic regression. At the end, study limitations were highlighted, especially concerning the choice of Faces Scale, and suggestions for further research were also made.

Palavras-chave : Stress; distress; faces scale; sociodemographic profile; health habits.

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