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Temas em Psicologia

Print version ISSN 1413-389X


CARVALHO, Jardson Fragoso  and  GON, Márcia Cristina Caserta. Child's compliance: behavioral orientation to mothers of children with atopic dermatitis. Temas psicol. [online]. 2015, vol.23, n.2, pp. 371-381. ISSN 1413-389X.

This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a brief behavioral orientation program for mothers of children with atopic dermatitis. The participants were four children between 5 and 12 years, diagnosed with the disease and their mothers. Mothers were instructed individually on how they should act upon behaviors of compliance and noncompliance of children to their instructions to provide medical treatment. The evaluation was conducted through direct observation of mother and child, during treatment, prepared for the purpose of research. The results showed that mothers followed the guidance given during the procedure of behavioral intervention. More specifically, the study showed that the use of direct instruction and descriptive praise, contingent on the child's behavior to perform the treatment, increased the frequency of childlike obedience. These results indicate that brief behavioral interventions can be effective to guide caregivers how to instruct children with atopic dermatitis to undertake medical treatment. The direct instruction, while antecedent event, may increase the likelihood that children obey their caregivers. Descriptive praise may promote the maintenance of childlike obedience and learning behaviors of skin care.

Keywords : Atopic dermatitis; behavioral orientation; mother-child interaction; compliance; childhood.

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