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Temas em Psicologia

versão impressa ISSN 1413-389X


FAZZANO, Leandro Herkert  e  GALLO, Alex Eduardo. An analysis of homophobia under behavior analysis perspective. Temas psicol. [online]. 2015, vol.23, n.3, pp. 535-545. ISSN 1413-389X.

The term homophobia refers to a colloquial expression that expresses negative attitudes and behaviors, fear or hatred against gays and lesbians, and more than one third of homosexuals are victims of violence, although its cause is not studied. Defining the phenomenon in terms of behavior analysis, as complex behaviors involving operant behaviors and emotional responses, related to various forms of aggression (whether physical, psychological or sexual) against homosexuals or individuals who identified with the homosexual culture, linking up with the concept of aversive control. To the aggressor, the presence of homosexuals could be considered aversive, and therefore there is a greater probability that he/she behaves aggressively. This aversiveness may have been learned along the life history of the offender. From the point of view of the victim, aggression can be seen as punishment for their behavior. Is possible to observe the presence of side effects, such as emotional responses, and reinforcement of behavior opposed to punished. Yet, more studies are necessary, mainly on the prevalence of aggression on the homosexual population. Understand the causes of this phenomenon, its incidence in the population, and the ways it manifests is important to understand and combat aggressions. Moreover, from knowing the phenomenon, it is possible to think in different strategies that could increase the number of denouncement, approaching the actual number of existing cases, which would give greater visibility to the problem, reflected on public policies to combat such violence.

Palavras-chave : Homophobia; behavior analysis; aversive control; aggression against homosexuals.

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