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Temas em Psicologia

versão impressa ISSN 1413-389X


HORTA, Rogério Lessa et al. Conditions associated to cessation of crack cocaine usage among users in treatment. Temas psicol. [online]. 2015, vol.23, n.4, pp. 887-899. ISSN 1413-389X.

This paper presents conditions associated with abstinence from crack in a cross-sectional study with a snowball sampling, in a sample of 495 crack users in treatment at different health services in a metropolitan area in southern Brazil. Data were submitted to a multivariate analysis, by robust Poisson regression in order to estimate the prevalence ratio for the outcome abstinence, defined as reference to a period equal or over 12 weeks since the last usage. Remained in association with crack abstinence: lack of partner, relative in mental health treatment, mourning in the last 12 months, sexual difficulties assigned to crack cocaine and knowledge of therapeutic community as effective resource. Appeared on negative association with abstinence: having smocked crack cocaine with the father, attend the criteria for crack cocaine dependence, poor health self perception and BDI score more than minimum. Despite not establishing causation, this paper contributes to the advancement of the recognition of elements that must be integrated into treatment planning, in order to optimize results.

Palavras-chave : Crack cocaine; drug users; street drugs; cocaine-related disorders.

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