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Temas em Psicologia

Print version ISSN 1413-389X


BARBOSA, Paola Vargas  and  WAGNER, Adriana. How you define autonomy?: A discriminant profile in gaucho (brazilian) teenagers. Temas psicol. [online]. 2015, vol.23, n.4, pp. 1077-1090. ISSN 1413-389X.

Autonomy is a relational skill that is developed throughout life. But it's during adolescence that this ability is seen as a developmental task as well as socially expected as part of the transition to adulthood. Studies show that adolescent's autonomy is influenced by individual, contextual and family variables. But how these variables differ higher and lower levels of autonomy in youth? The objective of this study was to build a discriminant profile to understand High and Low levels of autonomy in 375 teenagers from Rio Grande do Sul - Brazil. Contextual variables, parental values, parenting styles and the legitimacy of parental authority were included. The sample was mostly composed by girls (66%), students from public schools (51%), from 14 to 18 years old, residents of Porto Alegre's metropolitan region (78%), and from intact families (73%). A discriminant function was obtained between higher and lower levels of autonomy, significantly grouping age, variables indicating a good parental relationship, the value "autonomy" and the relational self in the family in favor of the group with higher levels of autonomy. Higher levels of obedience and the value "family" were grouped to distinguish the group with lower levels of autonomy. The results corroborate the multinfluence of this construct and the relevance of the parental relationship for its development. Reflections on the role of the family on the healthy development of autonomy were discussed.

Keywords : Autonomy; adolescent; parental relationship; discriminant analysis; adolescences' development.

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