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Temas em Psicologia

versão impressa ISSN 1413-389X


PETRUCCI, Giovanna Wanderley; BORSA, Juliane Callegaro  e  KOLLER, Sílvia Helena. Family and school in the socioemotional development in childhood. Temas psicol. [online]. 2016, vol.24, n.2, pp. 391-402. ISSN 1413-389X.

This study presents a non-systematic review of the literature on the effects that proximal processes experienced in the family and in school have on the socioemotional development during childhood. According to the bioecological model, these proximal processes are promoters of human development, which may facilitate the adaptation of individuals to the various contexts in which they are inserted. These processes include the relationships of children with parents and teachers, which make the individual's interaction with the environment possible. The family and the school also share the roles of education and socialization in childhood. Therefore, they should be investigated jointly, resulting in information that may contribute to the development of public policies for the overall development of children. The school, in particular, is considered a social institution responsible for the implementation of the rights of children and adolescents and for meeting their educational and socioemotional demands. The school environment can act as a protective factor for children at risk. Empirical studies that investigate proximal processes as protective factors in childhood can assist in the planning of interventions aimed at improving their quality in the family and school context, in order to bring about a healthy human development.

Palavras-chave : Family; school; proximal processes; bioecological model; childhood.

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