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Temas em Psicologia

Print version ISSN 1413-389X


TRACTENBERG, Saulo Gantes et al. Cognitive behavior therapy interventions for complex trauma: a systematic review. Temas psicol. [online]. 2016, vol.24, n.2, pp.533-547. ISSN 1413-389X.

INTRODUCTION: Although Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) has been shown effectiveness for treating posttraumatic stress disorders, there are some difficults regarding specfic cases. This cases are usually associated with a history of recurrent and prolonged exposure to traumatic events during the childhood. Since there is no consensus concerning the appointment of these clinical conditions, it is suggested that such cases could represent the diagnosis of Complex Trauma (CT). OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate, through a systematic review, the efficacy of CBT for CT. METHOD: The searches were conducted in Pubmed, Embase and ISI Web of Science. Articles that described randomized controlled, non-randomized controlled and non-controlled studies which had interventions based on CBT for CT symptoms were included. RESULTS: The search identified 369 studies, and 7 were selected. The focus of CBT interventions comprised a variety of symptoms that have been proposed for the CT diagnosis, including posttraumatic and depressive symptoms, anxiety and emotional regulation. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that therapeutic interventions, regardless of type, have an effect over time on CT symptoms. CBT was more efficient compared to the control treatments. Both individual and group CBT were able to reduce CT symptoms.

Keywords : DESNOS; PTSD; Cognitive Behavioral Therapy; Complex Trauma.

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