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Temas em Psicologia

Print version ISSN 1413-389X


NOGUEIRA, Graziela Sousa  and  SEIDL, Eliane Maria Fleury. Association between illness perception and anxiety, depression and self-efficacy in people with HIV/AIDS. Temas psicol. [online]. 2016, vol.24, n.2, pp. 595-608. ISSN 1413-389X.

The illness perception of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) is an important variable, poorly studied worldwide. The aimed was investigate the association between illness perception and anxiety, depression and self-efficacy in people living with HIV/AIDS. The sample consisted of 28 PLWHA, that responded to sociodemographic and medical-clinical questionnaires, Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire (Brief IPQ), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and Self-efficacy for Following Anti-retroviral Prescription Scale. The authors conducted statistical analyzes of the data, been carried Spearman correlation tests. Was observed a statistically significant positive correlation between illness perception and anxiety (r = .64; p <.01) and depression (r = .68; p <.01). Has also identified a statistically significant negative correlation between self-efficacy and illness perception (r = -.41; p <.05), suggesting that the higher self-efficacy perceived for adhere to antiretroviral drugs, larger perception of threat posed by the disease. It was concluded that there is an association between illness perception and psychological variables (anxiety, depression and self-efficacy) in PLWHA.

Keywords : Illness perception; psychological variables; HIV/AIDS.

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