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Temas em Psicologia

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WOLTER, Rafael Pecly; WACHELKE, João  and  NAIFF, Denis. The basic cognitive schemes: theorical perspectives and empirical research. Temas psicol. [online]. 2016, vol.24, n.3, pp. 1139-1152. ISSN 1413-389X.

The structural approach to social representations is widely employed in Brazilian research. However, the studies use prototypical analysis (or free evocations analysis) almost exclusively. The basic cognitive schemes model proposed by Rouquette and Guimelli studies the relationships that take place in social thinking. More precisely, such model studies the relationships between the different cognems activated by a representation object. The relationships are formalized by 28 connectors regrouped in three families or meta-schemes; evaluation, description and practice. The model foresees the employment of three indexes, or valences, to describe the activation degree of each meta-scheme in the studied population, which makes it possible to diagnose the way of thinking about the object. These indexes aim at the dimension activated by the social object in the population. More specifically the indexes gives information about the presence of a descriptive dimension, of judgments and evaluation, and, at last, of social practices within the group.

Keywords : Basic cognitive schemes; social representations; structural approach; central core.

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