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Temas em Psicologia

versión impresa ISSN 1413-389X


TATTON-RAMOS, Tiago Pires et al. Mindfulness in school settings: adjustments and emerging protocols. Temas psicol. [online]. 2016, vol.24, n.4, pp. 1375-1388. ISSN 1413-389X.

Several studies have demonstrated the positive impact of Mindfulness-Based Interventions (MBIs) in treatment of diseases and mental disorders in adults. MBIs are being adapted on children and adolescents in school environment. This paper aims to discuss the necessary adaptations, the role of self-compassion, the interventions effects and the teacher training, through three MBIs adapted for schools: Dot-Be, MindUp, and Learning to Breath. The results indicate that MBIs for schools should be structured with shorter duration of sessions; greater integration of mindfulness exercises with daily activities; further exploration of the five senses; increased use of metaphors, visual language and technology; and the involvement of family members, teachers and educators. Both the concept and the practices of self-compassion are used in these MBIs, affecting the structure, the choice of practices and the effects on assessed outcomes. Evidence suggests that the effects of Mindfulness training in educational environments may be similar to those observed in adults in health contexts. However, with the proliferation of training protocols to teachers and educational managers, the evidence of MBIs effectiveness in the educational context should not be generalized. In order to contribute to this process, this paper presents a general training framework in Mindfulness for educational staff.

Palabras clave : Mindfulness; compassion; schools; children; intervention.

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