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Temas em Psicologia

versão impressa ISSN 1413-389X


SBICIGO, Juliana Burges; JANCZURA, Gerson Américo  e  SALLES, Jerusa Fumagalli de. Methodological considerations in the elaboration with repetition priming experiments. Temas psicol. [online]. 2016, vol.24, n.4, pp. 1533-1547. ISSN 1413-389X.

ABSTRACT The priming experimental paradigm sheds light on different aspects of memory processes and has several applications. Priming is an implicit memory effect, in which there is no conscious retrieval information recently experienced. In Brazil, very few studies using this methodology comparing to the international literature is observed. Aiming to encourage studies to use this paradigm, the goal of this paper is to present and discuss methodological aspects relevant to the elaboration of repetition priming experiments emphasizing the selection of materials (software, standardized stimuli lists for Brazil and the relevance of psycholinguistic factors) and the manipulation of variables (instructions and exposure time of the stimuli, for example). The conclusion was that: a) PsycoPy is an excellent free software access option, while E-prime is an excellent option to license requirement; b) priming stimuli tests must have Brazilian norms, considering psycholinguistic aspects and norms for property pictorial stimuli; c) short Stimulus Onset Asynchrony - SOA (less than 300 ms) associated with the mask are excellent to investigate automatic and not conscious priming activations; and d) techniques to reduce the explicit influence should be used as the Retrieval Intentionality Criterion. Finally, recommendations for future research are presented.

Palavras-chave : Repetition priming; implicit memory; experimental psychology; cognition.

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