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Temas em Psicologia

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BIFFI, Mariana  and  GRANATO, Tania Mara Marques. Project of having children: a review of national and international scientific literature. Temas psicol. [online]. 2017, vol.25, n.1, pp. 207-220. ISSN 1413-389X.

In Western societies, the theme about the project of having children has gained prominence due to the reduction in birth rate and the postponement of parenthood, which has caused social, political and economic repercussions, as well as implications for the physical and mental health. In this context, this study aimed to comprehend how the project of having children or not has been investigated in the national and international scientific literature. We carried out a systematic review for the period 2009 to 2014, with 18 articles being selected. The studies analyzed indicate a choice between having children or not; the entry of the male figure into this area; the establishment of preconditions that make up the right time to have children; and conflicts that permeate this process of choice. The international studies focus on the process of choice and aimed to promote public polices, while the national researchers sought to understand recent phenomena such as the option not to have children. Therefore, we emphasize the relevance of the theme and the need for studies in the national context, search for new meanings that emerge from marital and family relationships.

Keywords : Parenthood; conjugality; contemporaneity; literature review.

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