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Temas em Psicologia

Print version ISSN 1413-389X


PAVELTCHUK, Fernanda de Oliveira; DAMASIO, Bruno Figueiredo  and  BORSA, Juliane Callegaro. Impact of sexual orientation, social support and family support on minority stress in LGB people. Temas psicol. [online]. 2019, vol.27, n.3, pp.735-748. ISSN 1413-389X.

Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals may have lower levels of mental health compared to heterosexual people. This study examined the impact of sexual orientation on the components of minority stress (victimization, internalized homophobia and concealment of sexual orientation), and the moderating role of social and family support in the relationship between sexual orientation and minority stress components. A total of 715 LGB people participated in this study, of which 29.1% reported being lesbian (n = 208),32.2% gay (n = 230) and 38.8% bisexual (n = 277). Their ages ranged from 18 to 70 years (M = 24.14, SD = 7.18). The questionnaire was disseminated through social networks and answered on an online platform. A path analysis with moderation effects was conducted to test the interactions between the variables sexual orientation, victimization, internalized homophobia and concealment of sexual orientation. No relationship was found between the variables cited, which can be explained by the sociodemographic characteristics (race/ethnicity, income, education) of the participants. These results may be associated with a response bias due to the profile of the participant sample of the present study.

Keywords : Minority stress; family support; social support; sexual orientation; LGB.

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