Psicologia Escolar e Educacional
version ISSN 1413-8557
YOSHIDA, Elisa Medici Pizão. Assessment of change in therapeutic processes. Psicol. esc. educ. [online]. 1998, vol.2, n.2, pp. 115-127. ISSN 1413-8557.
The study of psychotherapies has been marked by the use of methods of intensive investigation of the therapeutic process, turned to the understanding of the factors that favor the change. Those methods are usually based on the intensive analysis of a single case, identifying regularities characteristic of mental states, behavioral and interacting patterns which are associated with change. They count upon assessment tools developed according to specific theoretical standards in which metapsycological concepts are operationally defined. In general, they depend on independent judges familiar with the assessed technique, who base their assessment upon videos and/or audio equipment of the therapy session, besides considering the context. They have allowed the exhaustive study of therapeutic processes and the obtaining of judgment based on constructs which evince predictive validity, besides getting reliability among raters. By way of illustration some researches are presented involving the following scales: "Defense Mechanisms Rating Scales", "Rutgers Psychotherapy Progress Scale" and "Escala Diagnóstica Adaptativa Operacionalizada- Redefinida".
Keywords : Change in psychotherapy; Single case research design; Research of the psychotherapeutic process; Research on clinical psychology.