Psicologia Escolar e Educacional
versión impresa ISSN 1413-8557
MACEDO, Elizeu Coutinho de et al. Perceptual and cognitive processes in word reading: eye movement characteristics. Psicol. esc. educ. [online]. 2007, vol.11, n.2, pp. 275-283. ISSN 1413-8557.
Analyses of eye movement's pattern contribute significantly to the discrimination between good and poor readers. The pattern of eye movements during reading is affected by psycholinguistic properties of words such as: length, regularity, and frequency. The objective of the present study was to analyze eye movements during words and non-words reading in Brazilian Portuguese and compare the results with the data from other languages. Eye movements during the words and non-words reading were recorded from 20 university students with the mean age of 20.5 years (SD=2.9). Results showed significant effect of word length, regularity and frequency on number of fixations, first fixation duration and gaze duration. Regularity showed effect on all of the variables except on number of fixations. The results are similar to those found in languages with predominantly regular orthographies, but not with the irregular ones such as English.
Palabras llave : Reading; Eye movements; Language; Measurement.