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Psicologia da Educação

Print version ISSN 1414-6975


SILVA, Talita Fernanda da  and  NAKANO, Tatiana de Cássia. Assessment of level of creativity figural child in different of education contexts. Psicol. educ. [online]. 2013, n.36, pp. 67-81. ISSN 1414-6975.

Creativity is a trait that has been widely recognized and required in social contexts, highlighting, among these, the educational context. This study aimed to evaluate the creativity of children that attending different contexts of education, being: 1) exclusively context of formal education, and 2) both formal and non-formal context, to verify the existence of differences in creative performance groups according to the frequented context and the influence of sex, grade, type of ONG (non-governmental organization) and time in non-formal context. The study included 100 subjects, of both sexes, with 48 females and 52 males, aged between nine and 11 years of age (M = 10,7, DP = 0,80), 3rd to 6th grade of elementary school. The participants were selected by convenience in three contexts of education, being a school, representing the context of formal education (n=51) and two institutions of non-governmental organizations to represent the context of non-formal education (n=49), being 26 by institution 1 and 23 by institution 2). The Creativity Figural Child Test was used and consisted of three stimuli incomplete activities that must be answered in the form of drawings. The instrument evaluates 12 creative features grouped in four factors (Enrichment Ideas, Emotionality, Cognitive Aspects and Creative Preparation). The results showed that gender, grade and educational context did not exert significant influence in any of the creative factors. In creative features, the gender variable exerted a significant influence on Unusual Perspective and Originality both in activity 2, sex interaction with series on Originality in activity 2, sex versus context for Internal Perspective in activity 2 and Perspective Uncommon in the same activity. These findings allowed to discuss and reflect on the importance of both education contexts for the development of creative performance, although much still has to be done. Conclude how much still has to develop on creativity in educational contexts, as in non-formal education, so little space that is explored in Brazilian research.

Keywords : psychological assessment; creativity; no formal education.

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