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Psicologia da Educação

Print version ISSN 1414-6975On-line version ISSN 2175-3520


MADEIRA, Igor; BORLOTI, Elizeu  and  HAYDU, Verônica Bender. Teaching conditional relations between musical stimuli by means of a computer program. Psicol. educ. [online]. 2017, n.44, pp. 25-36. ISSN 1414-6975.

The equivalence class paradigm has been indicated as an effective resource for the teaching of musical behavior classes. This study aimed to (a) teach conditional relations between the seven treble clef notes drawn on the pentagram, the print names of the notes, and the corresponding auditory stimuli; and (b) verify the formation of seven equivalence classes. The APRM software was used, enabling the teaching of conditional discriminations with auditory stimuli in the form of piano sounds (A), musical notes drawn on the pentagram (B), and the names of the musical notes accompanied by ciphers (C). Eleven students from Elementary and Secondary Education underwent the pre-test, teaching of the conditional relations of AB and AC, and tests of emergent relations. The percentage of correct answers in the pre-test ranged from 4.8% to 23.81%, while after the teaching procedure, a 90.5 - 92.8% accuracy was noted in the baseline relation test. The criterion of 90% or more correct answers was achieved by 10 of the 11 participants in the equivalence relation test and only three in the symmetry relation test. It was concluded that the procedure was effective to teaching the conditional relations between stimuli, contributing to the emergence of equivalence relations, but not of symmetry relations. This indicates the need for an additional procedure that increases the auditory discrimination and enables the formation of equivalent stimuli.

Keywords : conditional relations; matching to sample; stimulus equivalence; music education; behavior analysis.

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