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Psicologia da Educação

Print version ISSN 1414-6975On-line version ISSN 2175-3520


ABREU, Márcia Kelma de Alencar  and  XIMENES, Verônica Morais. Permanence of poor students in Brazilian public universities: a systematic review. Psicol. educ. [online]. 2020, n.50, pp. 18-29. ISSN 1414-6975.

The affirmative policies through the Law of Quota 12, 711/2012 expanded the democratization of access to public higher education in Brazil, optimizing the entry of poor, black, indigenous and disabled students. This article analyzes the psychosocial implications that poverty has in the student permanence up to the higher education conclusion in public universities. A systematic review was carried out from 16 articles, 22 dissertations and 10 theses in the databases Scielo and BDTD (Brazilian digital library of theses and dissertations). The majority of the works are in the field of education (54.16%), the qualitative approach to research is predominant (58.33%) and students prevailed as participants in the research (52.8%). The analytical categories were constructed with the aid of Atlas Ti 5.2 software and configured in macro categories: material permanence; symbolic permanence (pedagogical and cultural dimensions); coping strategies and experiences of oppression. The Quota Law and other affirmative policies have made it possible to democratize access, but aspects that permeate permanence need to be highlighted in further researches. The contribution of this research consisted in giving visibility to the subjective and psychosocial aspects of poverty in the analyzed works.

Keywords : Higher education; University students; Educational research; Poverty; Psychosocialization.

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