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Psicologia da Educação

versión impresa ISSN 1414-6975versión On-line ISSN 2175-3520


FALCAO, Amanda Oliveira; LEME, Vanessa Barbosa Romera  y  MORAIS, Gisele Aparecida de. Self-efficacy, social skills and school climate of elementary school students. Psicol. educ. [online]. 2021, n.52, pp. 33-43. ISSN 1414-6975.

The present study aimed to compare academic self-efficacy, social skills and the school climate of students in the last years of Middle School, considering differences by sex and influences school failure, based on the Social Cognitive Theory. Participated 491 students aged between 11 and 16 years old, selected by convenience, of both sexes who attended the last three years of middle school in a city in the state of Minas Gerais. Participants answered Social Skills Inventory for Adolescents, Children's Self-Efficacy Scale, School Climate Questionnaire, and Socio-economic Demographic Questionnaire. The results indicated that girls showed more self-efficacy for extracurricular/leisure and social activities and more empathy and assertiveness than boys. The students presented more social skills of social/sexual approach and perceived more the school atmosphere about the relationship between students. Students with a history of school failure had lower self-efficacy and a positive school climate. The data evidenced the influence of gender roles and school failure on interpersonal relationships and school performance of students at the end of Elementary School, highlighting the need to promote intervention programs with students and teachers.

Palabras clave : Self-efficacy; Social skills; Climate school; Elementary educations.

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