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Psicologia da Educação

versão impressa ISSN 1414-6975versão On-line ISSN 2175-3520


SANTOS, Geane da Silva  e  TOASSA, Gisele. Making medicalization: a literature review on school education referrals to health. Psicol. educ. [online]. 2021, n.52, pp. 54-63. ISSN 1414-6975.

This article is the result of a bibliographical research on the Brazilian bibliographical production regarding the referral of children in schooling process to health professionals, as an expression of the medicalization process of education. A bibliographical survey was carried out in the database of the Virtual Library of Health/ Psychology Brazil/BVS-Psi under the terms: “medicalization”, “medicalization of education”, “teachers and referrals”, “School complaint and medicalization” and “medicalization of the school complaint”. The researchers selected the texts that presented a critical perspective regarding the medicalization processes of the education. The results indicate that the production of referrals rely on a conception that the difficulties presented by the children in the schooling process, as the school identifies them, are individual in nature and, therefore, can be resolved in the health field. However, there is a lack of communication between these services and the school, which contributes to the use of psychotropic drugs as one of the main measures to intervene with school complaints, rather than making new school practices in order to enhance the schooling process.

Palavras-chave : Medicalization; Referral and consultation; School complaints; Learning disorders; School psychology.

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