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Revista da ABOP

versión impresa ISSN 1414-8889


RASCOVAN, Sergio  y  DEL COMPARE, Mercedes. La orientacion vocacional en la Argentina. Rev. ABOP [online]. 1999, vol.3, n.1, pp.191-201. ISSN 1414-8889.

Guidance and counseling in Argentina are professional practices valued and accepted by a large quantity of persons, specially by the middle classes. It began as recognized work as early as the beginning of the century, and since then, like any other social endeavours, has changed in many ways, since it has renewed its practices and intervention techniques. This and others factors have improved the social and political recognition of counseling. This article tries to bring out the most important landmarks in the history of Guidance and Vocational Counseling in Argentina, and the relevance of the work achieved by the Argentine Association -APORA, for the development of counseling practices in the whole country. Nowadays many social and cultural factors and historical conditionings make it necessary to think over the intercrossing of the social and political factors in the context of counseling but also taking care of personal and subjective factors. Globalization and the opening of national limits and frontiers for commerce and cultural interchange are only one side of the question, because they do not take into account the reality lived in many marginal countries. Because of economic policies , the market has become the most important factor, but it tends to clearly exclude the structurally poor. There is a knowledge society one side and in the other side huge sectors of population that cannot received education and training. The increase in technology and digitalization, the unemployment, and the social and psychological pathology derived from the crisis, make it necessary to find new and creative answers for the needs of adults and young persons, that are searching for a place in the world Lastly, we find that it is our responsibility to give some response to all new demands, with creativity, solid technical knowledge and a a wide transdisciplinary focus. We also want to stress the important of developing a rich interchange with all our Mercosur colleagues, since we are bound not only by origins as nations, but specially by our crude socioeconomic reality, that shows many urgent needs for our young. We stress our professional commitment searching for positive changes towards a more just and solidary society.

Palabras clave : Vocational guidance in Argentina.

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