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Psicologia: ciência e profissão

versão impressa ISSN 1414-9893


ZAMBRONI-DE-SOUZA, Paulo César. Work and mental illness: brief historical review and contemporary questions. Psicol. cienc. prof. [online]. 2006, vol.26, n.1, pp. 154-167. ISSN 1414-9893.

AThis article demonstrates that psychiatry beginning is inserted in a process of society disciplinary value. That's why the asylum, or madhouse, originally its place of exercise by excellence, keeps many similarities with other disciplinary structures, like prisons. Afterwards, it shows that from World War II there was a changing in the eastern societies, where those disciplinary structures began to declive and more subtle social control ways gained strength. It shows, beside this, that there was a process of questioning psychiatry and madhouse structures, what generically was called psychiatrical reform, in which the madman's work was taken as an essential element. Finally, it performs a brief contextualization of the recent changings in the production process to ask how madmen can join the labor force.

Palavras-chave : Work; Discipline; Control; Psychiatrical reform.

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