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Psicologia: ciência e profissão

versão impressa ISSN 1414-9893


ANDRADA, Edla Grisard Caldeira de; REZENA, Bárbara dos Santos; CARVALHO, Gabriela Beling de  e  BENETTI, Idonézia Collodel. Risk and protection factors for school readiness. Psicol. cienc. prof. [online]. 2008, vol.28, n.3, pp. 536-547. ISSN 1414-9893.

The objective of this study was to identify the risk and protection factors for school readiness in children between five and six years old, from Rio do Sul/SC. The participants were 130 children who were studying in one of the seven public pre-schools visited as well as their parents. The parental support was evaluated in its four domains: engaged activities, available stimulus, parental practices that promote a link between family and school, and predictable activities. The school readiness was evaluated in four domains: the identification of colors and forms and copied forms; the description of figures, the position and the space recognition; the identification of numbers and counting, and the identification of letters and writing. The results correlated stimulus in the family micro system and the school readiness of the children. The results strengthen the necessity of the families to engage in activities with children as well as to offer material stimulus so that they can have children with higher school readiness. Other factors that promote school readiness are the variables related to family context such as the mother’s level of education, the age of father and the familiar income. children with higher school readiness tend to have mothers with higher level of education, younger parents and families with higher wages. A risk factor to school readiness to be considered is the numerous children within the family.

Palavras-chave : Parental support; School readiness; Risk; Protection.

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