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Boletim - Academia Paulista de Psicologia

Print version ISSN 1415-711X


ZANGARI, Wellington. Anomalous experiences of Umbanda's mediums: a phenomenological and ontological evaluation. Bol. - Acad. Paul. Psicol. [online]. 2007, vol.27, n.2, pp. 67-86. ISSN 1415-711X.

This article analyses the precognitive anomalous experience of Umbanda´s mediums in two complementary approaches: phenomenological and ontological. The first approach was considered under the subjects point of view, their cultural meanings and psychosocial functions. The second approach was the objective evaluation of existence of anomalous process and possible psychological variables correlated to this process. The phenomenological evaluation was accomplished through interviews with 15 mediums and used the Attribution Theory. The ontological analysis was accomplished through an experimental study with 52 Umbanda´s mediums. The main hypothesis of the study is that anomalous experiences are not based in anomalous processes, but in a believe system culturally provided. The hypothesis was confirmed and the results were discussed under the psychosocial processes.

Keywords : Anomalous experiences; Precognition; Mediumship; Causal attribution.

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