Boletim - Academia Paulista de Psicologia
versión impresa ISSN 1415-711X
MAGALHAES, Aracê Maria Magenta; PEREZ-RAMOS, Aidyl M.; NEME, Carmem Maria Bueno y YAMADA, Midori Otake. Social-emotional development of deaf children with cochlear implant. Bol. - Acad. Paul. Psicol. [online]. 2007, vol.27, n.2, pp. 103-132. ISSN 1415-711X.
A number of scientific progresses have been improving the quality of life of profoundly deaf people, offering them high levels of auditory information in order to introduce them to the world of sound, as well as to detect the specificity of the human voice. The cochlear implant is one of these important advances. The present work contributes to the knowledge on the social-emotional area of profoundly deaf children benefited by such procedure. Approximate bibliographic contributions are to be studied, as there is no specific literature available. A group of ten preschool children, who received the cochlear implant, are selected and assimilated. Psychological contextualized evaluations (child versus environment) are individually performed by means of specific interviews which, with additional data, elaborate the anamnesis, together with the child examination, using participant observation and the application of Lynn's Structured Doll Play Test. Besides a few bibliographic comparisons, the work presents innovations on the social-emotional evolutionary process of the children and their families. The results glimpse a social-emotional profile of these children.The influence of the time of the implant and the age of its use is analysed, besides the educational modality the parents offer in profusion to their children under such conditions, and also the family conflicts detected. The main conclusion is that these conflicts are more relevant than the time of the application of the cochlear implant and its utilization as an intervenient variable.
Palabras llave : Deaf children; Cochlear implant; Social-emotional development.