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Boletim - Academia Paulista de Psicologia

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BARBOSA, Arianne de Sá; TERROSO, Lauren Bulcão  and  ARGIMON, Irani Iracema de Lima. Epistemology of cognitive-behavioral therapy: marriage, friendship or separation between the theories?. Bol. - Acad. Paul. Psicol. [online]. 2014, vol.34, n.86, pp. 63-79. ISSN 1415-711X.

This article is a narrative review of the literature, which aims to present the main approaches of cognitive and behavioral theories developed over the three waves of cognitive-behavioral therapy, contextualizing them historically and epistemologically. The increase in understanding about the development of cognitive-behavioral therapy until the contemporary times tend to enlarge the reflections over the direction that psychology tends to follow. It was perceived through this review that cognitive-behavioral therapy is not chronologically linear: millennial theories coexisting with others modern or contemporary. There is a worldview influenced by different points of view (abstract, human, mechanical), from different historical moments of humanity, which carries a hybrid epistemological paradigm to cognitive-behavioral therapy. At first, this diversity of theoretical grounds may seem an epistemological problem, but actually contributes to the richness of cognitive psychology, which develops in order to cope with the demands of modernity. The first, second and third waves of cognitive-behavioral therapy should be understood as complementary, non-rivals: married tend to provide effective strategies for the treatment of several psychiatric diseases.

Keywords : Epistemology; Cognitive-behavioral Therapy; Psychological Theory.

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