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Boletim - Academia Paulista de Psicologia

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JUST, Ana Paula  and  ENUMO, Sônia Regina Fiorim. Emotional and behavioral problems in adolescence: the role of stress. Bol. - Acad. Paul. Psicol. [online]. 2015, vol.35, n.89, pp. 350-370. ISSN 1415-711X.

Adolescence is a period of the development susceptible to stress and the development of emotional and behavioral problems. This research analyzes the function of stress as a predictor variable in the development of emotional and behavioral problems in adolescents. The sample is from 83 adolescents (67.47% girls), aged between 12 and 15 years old; who attend the 7th grade and the 8th grade of a public school in a medium-sized city in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. For the group, the Youth Self-Report (YSR); the Adolescent Perceived Events Scale (APES); and the Stress Scale for Adolescents (Escala de Estresse para Adolescentes - ESA) were applied. The univariate logistic regression analysis indicates that participants with higher risk for the occurrence of emotional and behavioral problems, including internalizing and externalizing problems are those exposed to more stressors and greater frequency of symptoms of stress. Both the number of stressors, as the frequency of stress symptoms are identified as risk factors for the occurrence of emotional and behavioral problems. Understanding of the processes involved in developing the psychopathology in adolescents, promotes the prevention and the development of more effective interventions for this population

Keywords : emotional and behavioral problems; adolescence; stressors; stress.

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