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Boletim - Academia Paulista de Psicologia

versão impressa ISSN 1415-711X


BARRERA, Sylvia Domingos  e  SANTOS, Maria José dos. The knowledge of letters' names and the beginning skills of spelling. Bol. - Acad. Paul. Psicol. [online]. 2016, vol.36, n.90, pp. 1-15. ISSN 1415-711X.

In addition to the phonological awareness, the letters name knowledge has been pointed out as one of the best predictors of results in reading and writing learning. However, most studies about the subject have been conducted in English. The objective of this research is to analyze the relationship between knowledge of letter names, invented spelling skills and phonological awareness in Brazilian preschool children, speakers of Portuguese. The participants were 35 children (20 girls and 15 boys) aged between 5 years and 7 months and 6 years and 10 months, students of a public preschool that serves low-income families. Participants responded to proofs of letter knowledge and phonological awareness. They were also asked to write words that differed depending if the initial consonant of words could be fully detected or only partially detected in the pronunciation thereof. The results indicate a strong correlation between the knowledge of letter names and writing, and the facilitating effect of alphabet knowledge about writing is significantly higher in the case of a letter name that can be identified at the beginning of the word to be written. It was concluded that knowledge of letter names is one of the fundamental skills for the grasp of alphabetic writing system also in Portuguese

Palavras-chave : letters' father knowledge; literacy; spelling.

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