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SANTOS, Jéssica; MACHADO, Letícia Vier  e  DOMINGUES, Eliane. A psychoanalytical view on autism: a literature review. Estilos clin. [online]. 2020, vol.25, n.2, pp. 322-338. ISSN 1415-7128.

This article is a research literature review aiming to identify some of the main explanatory hypotheses on autism in psychoanalysis and their contributions related to its treatment. The search was carried out in Pepsic and Scielo virtual libraries including articles written in Portuguese, published among 2012-2017 period. Twenty- three articles were selected and analyzed with the purpose of identifying the psychoanalytic hypotheses on autism, treatment proposals, objectives, methods, main results and conclusions. Results showed that the most cited authors were Jacques Lacan, followed by Jean-Claude Maleval, Marie Christine Laznik, Alfredo Jerusalinsky and Maria Cristina Kupfer, who are supported by the Lacanian framework. Regarding the explanatory hypotheses, assumptions about the existence of some failure or something that is not completed in the psychic constitution of the autistic were found, leading to highlight the risks of early and normative diagnoses. And, finally, about the possibility of treatment, the articles point out the need of respecting the uniqueness of the autistic person and his way of being in the world, in search of a delicate and non-invasive approach.

Palavras-chave : autism; psychoanalisis; literatura review.

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