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Revista da SBPH

Print version ISSN 1516-0858


GUEDES, Patrícia Cristina Wanderley et al. Social representation, anxiety and depression in teenage mothers. Rev. SBPH [online]. 2012, vol.15, n.1, pp. 194-211. ISSN 1516-0858.

Introduction: Adolescence is a period generator of biopsychosocial changes. In this context, teenage pregnancy is a factor that may contribute to increased difficulties relevant to this phase of life. Objective: To study the social representation of motherhood teenage mothers and to identify the profile of these anxiety and depression. Methods: This is a cross-performed in the puerperium of a public hospital in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil. As a tool, we used a structured interview and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Results: There were 96 teenagers, aged 15 to 19 years, 52% of those between 16 and 17 years. The entire sample, 55% are married or in consensual union and 56% completed only primary education. Regarding family income, 34% earn less than minimum wage and a 48% one to two minimum wages. Regarding the reactions of anxiety and depression, 11% had anxiety and depression 9%, only 8% of participants met criteria for both. Conclusion: Studying the social representation of motherhood teenage mothers, to identify the profile of pregnant teenagers, including the psychosocial context of his life, anxiety and depression, can give health professionals a better understanding of the problem contributing to the promotion of more appropriate interventions this population.

Keywords : Teenage; Pregnancy; Social Representation; Anxiety; Depression.

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