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Revista da SBPH

versão impressa ISSN 1516-0858


PFEIFER, Paula Moraes  e  RUSCHEL, Patricia Pereira. Psychological preparation: the influence of the use of coping strategies after cardiac transplantation. Rev. SBPH [online]. 2013, vol.16, n.2, pp. 153-165. ISSN 1516-0858.

Transplantation improves quality of life of patients, however, mobilizes mixed feelings and intense anxieties. To handle this, the individual uses the coping, that influence treatment adherence. This study aims to verify the types of coping strategies used by heart receptors and if there was difference in patients who received psychological preparation. The sample comprised thirty two patients who underwent heart transplantation from 1996 to 2011, over eighteen years. Participants were assessed using the Ways of Coping Scale and sociodemographic questionnaire. We calculated the internal consistency of the scale factors using Cronbach's Alpha. Participants were grouped into patients who received psychological preparation before transplantation and follwed after transplantation, and coping strategies were compared using Student's t test. When comparing the groups, a significant increase in focused on the problem coping and seeking social support in those who received preparation, while in the other group showed a significant increase in emotional confrontation. Transplant recipients who received psychological preparation used more active coping strategies, which evidence the influence and importance of psychological support during the process.

Palavras-chave : Transplantation; Cardiology; Psychology; Adaptation Psychological.

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