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Psicologia: teoria e prática

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PESSOTTO, Fernando; PRIMI, Ricardo; CARVALHO, Lucas de Francisco  and  MIGUEL, Fabiano Koich. Relationship between musical auditory reasoning and intelligence. Psicol. teor. prat. [online]. 2013, vol.15, n.3, pp. 175-187. ISSN 1516-3687.

The present study aimed to investigate if the Musical Auditory Reasoning Test (RAu) evaluates a specific ability related to auditory reasoning (Ga), or if the instrument is presented as a test for fluid intelligence (Gf) or specific knowledge (Gkn) assessment. In addition, we sought to verify the RAu's capacity to differentiate individuals into different levels of musical ability. Three groups - musicians (N = 7), amateur musicians (N = 22) and lay in music (N = 20) - aged between 18 and 59 years, with 57.1% males, answered the tests. Moderate significant correlations were found between Analogies 2 with verbal reasoning and spatial reasoning tasks (.36 and .37 respectively). The three groups differed significantly in measures according to the level of music experience. The results suggest that the auditory processing and reasoning are related constructs, and that RAu is able to discriminate people according to the level of musical ability.

Keywords : psychological assessment; reasoning; fluid intelligence; auditory processing; musical aptitude.

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