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Psicologia: teoria e prática

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GARCIA, Aline Helen Corrêa; VIVEIROS, Milena Martins; SCHWARTZMAN, José Salomão  and  BRUNONI, Décio. Autism spectrum disorder: evaluation and comorbidities in students. Psicol. teor. prat. [online]. 2016, vol.18, n.1, pp. 166-177. ISSN 1516-3687.

Among 20‑30% of patients with suspected autism referred for evaluation by multidisciplinary teams, have the diagnosed discarded and 15 to 20% have genetic and / or environmental comorbidities. From September 2011 to December 2014, through 15 task forces, physicians and neuropsychologists evaluated 151 children enrolled in municipal schools in the city of Barueri, São Paulo. Evaluation: perinatal history, growth and developmental milestones, health history, perinatal anoxia, prematurity, infection and birth defects, genetic syndromes, intellectual disability and epilepsy were recorded. Screening scales used were Autism Behavior Checklist (ABC) and the Autism Screening Questionnaire (ASQ). The main results were the exclusion of ASD diagnosis in 44 children (30%). Among ASD students 22 (21%) had several comorbidities of genetic and environmental causes. Conclusions: 1. the diagnosis of autism should be validated; 2. interdisciplinary academic teams with expertise in evaluation can make partnerships with educational systems and develop appropriate methods for this purpose; 3. basic and clinical protocols available in Brazil are effective both to validate the diagnosis and to better know the general health and cognitive‑behavioral of the students with autism.

Keywords : autism; comorbidity; evaluation; diagnosis; student.

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