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Psicologia: teoria e prática

versão impressa ISSN 1516-3687


PIMENTEL, Luciana Cristina  e  CYSNEIROS, Roberta Monterazzo. ADHD in epilepsy: prevalence and risk factors. Psicol. teor. prat. [online]. 2017, vol.19, n.2, pp. 200-214. ISSN 1516-3687.

Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) represents one of the most prevailing comorbidities of epilepsy. However, the association between both conditions is little understood. This systematic literature review was conducted based on electronic data (Medline/Pubmed), in the 2011-2016 period, with the purpose of investigating the contributing factors for the co-occurrence. After applying the eligibility criteria, 15 articles were selected. The prevalence of ADHD in epilepsy varied widely from 5.3% to 64.9%. Although ADHD is present in focal and generalized epilepsies, some epileptic types or disorders, such as rolandic epilepsy and frontal epilepsy, were strongly associated with ADHD symptoms, especially in those individuals with newly diagnosed epilepsy, poorly controlled seizures, and abnormal electroencephalogram.

Palavras-chave : epilepsy; ADHD; comorbidity; risk factors; prevalence.

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