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Psicologia: teoria e prática

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LANDENBERGER, Thaís; CARDOSO, Nicolas de O.; OLIVEIRA, Camila Rosa de  and  ARGIMON, Irani Iracema de L.. Instruments for measuring cognitive reserve: a systematic review. Psicol. teor. prat. [online]. 2019, vol.21, n.2, pp. 58-74. ISSN 1516-3687.

The Cognitive Reserve (CR) construct seeks to explain the brain's ability of compensate for degeneration caused by age or neuropathology. However, standardized measures of CR are incipient. Through a systematic review, this study aimed to investigate the instruments in the form of scales and questionnaires used as objective measures of CR, through the measurement of multiple variables related to activities conducted throughout the lifetime. The search for articles was conducted in the PubMed, Scopus, Science Direct, PsycINFO, VHL and Cochrane databases. Seven studies were selected after applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The existence of five scales/questionnaires that measure CR was verified. The instruments present a short duration, however, they vary in the items/variables measured, there being a lack of in-depth studies with large and diversified samples. Further studies are needed to improve the validity evidence and to conduct cross-cultural adaptations of the CR scale/questionnaires.

Keywords : cognitive reserve; measurement instruments; evaluation; scales/ questionnaires; cognition.

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