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Psicologia: teoria e prática

versão impressa ISSN 1516-3687


VELEDA, Gessyka W. et al. Effect of cognitive-behavioral therapy after treatment for adults with major depression. Psicol. teor. prat. [online]. 2019, vol.21, n.3, pp. 345-365. ISSN 1516-3687.

In Brazil, little is known about the maintenance of results after treatment of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for major depressive disorder (MDD). The objective of this study was to verify the effectiveness of individual psychotherapeutic treatment from CBT for depressive symptoms within 6 and 12 months after the intervention. We evaluated 94 participants with MDD from the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II). There was significant posttreatment response (p < 0.001), with no difference between the end of the treatment and the symptom assessment at 6 (p = 0.486) and 12 months (p = 0.098). A significant positive correlation was observed between the intensity of depressive symptoms at the baseline and the reduction of initial symptoms for 12-month follow-up (r = 0.49; p < 0.001). CBT significantly reduces depressive symptoms by maintaining this condition up to 12 months post-intervention without significant influence of other characteristics beyond the intensity of depressive symptoms at the beginning of the therapeutic process.

Palavras-chave : depressive disorder; depressive symptoms; cognitive Behavior therapy; follow up; effectiveness.

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