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Psicologia: teoria e prática

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PEIXOTO, Evandro M. et al. Benign and Malicious Envy Scale: cross-cultural adaptation and validity evidence for adolescents. Psicol. teor. prat. [online]. 2021, vol.23, n.2, pp. 01-21. ISSN 1516-3687.

Although there are few Brazilian studies on this subject, envy is a universal phenomenon present in the cultural and social spheres. This research aimed to conduct a cross-cultural adaptation to Brazilian Portuguese and to evaluate validity evidence for the Benign and Malicious Envy Scale (BeMaS), a measure of benign and malicious envy. A total of 248 adolescents aged between 12 and 17 (M=13.93 ±1.39, 47.9% boys) participated in this research. Evidence of validity based on content, internal structure, relationship to other variables (stress, anxiety, depression, and life satisfaction), and reliability indicators were estimated. The exploratory factor analysis suggested the adequacy of the internal structure composed of two factors, demonstrating the equivalence of the internal structure with the original version and good indicators of reliability (ω= 0.760 e 0.823) and relationships with external variables consistent with the theoretical hypotheses. The Results suggest the adequacy of the instrument.

Keywords : transcultural adaptation; internal structure; envy; test validity; social comparison.

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