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Natureza humana

versão impressa ISSN 1517-2430


FONSECA, Fernando Facó de Assis. Freedom and nature (in)human (Zizek versus Habermas). Nat. hum. [online]. 2015, vol.17, n.2, pp. 138-168. ISSN 1517-2430.

This paper aims to discuss the relationship between the principle of freedom and the idea of human nature. We seek to argue that the very concept of freedom can only be thought beyond the limits of course set by the human species. I.e. freedom has to do with the domain of the inhumane, not of the human. Therefore, it is essential to oppose two contemporary perspectives that differ radically about the concept of modernity: the Habermas' formal pragmatics and Slavoj Zizek's dialectical materialism. We must take, therefore, as a guide the controversy on the subject of biogenetic, and, from there, to demonstrate how the concept of modernity to Zizek proves to be even more radical than the Habermas' project of modernity unfinished.

Palavras-chave : freedom; human nature; inhuman nature; biogenetics; modernity.

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