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Natureza humana

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BOCCA, Francisco Verardi. Freud and Kant's scientific program. Nat. hum. [online]. 2016, vol.18, n.2, pp.07-28. ISSN 1517-2430.

Performing a task of the so-called philosophy of psychoanalysis, in this article we investigate what might be called the epistemological statute of metapsychology by Freud. It is done by taking as reference Kant's distinction between genuine and non-genuine science, as well as his consideration on the possibilities of constructing psychology as an empirical science. The result consisted in identifying the dynamic point of view, adopted by Freud, as a procedure of conventional and heuristic order, especially the notion of psychic force present in his concept of Trieb. This made it possible to understand Freud's depth psychology as a successful product of Kant's scientific program.

Keywords : Freud; Kant; depth psychology; heuristic fiction; force.

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