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Natureza humana

versão impressa ISSN 1517-2430


LIMA, Vinícius Moreira  e  BELO, Fábio Roberto Rodrigues. The women of Nietzsche and Freud: a Laplanchean reading. Nat. hum. [online]. 2017, vol.19, n.1, pp. 128-148. ISSN 1517-2430.

Nietzsche and Freud have produced very similar theoretical representations of women and the feminine. By using a critical-hermeneutic method and a historicist critique, the comparison between these representations confirms the hypothesis that both authors contribute to the construction of a representational network that strongly articulates women to the elements of passivity, masochism, shame, maternity, submission, docility, and insurgency. Our analysis lets us demonstrate Jean Laplanche thesis' that gender is a narrative scheme or a code that translates unconscious sexuality. For Laplanchean theory, gender arrangements provide a possible - but not necessary - organization to the infantile sexuality, aiding the process of repression. This gets associated to a gendered translation of activity and original passivity in terms of masculinity and femininity. Thus, believing that, in their theories, both Freud and Nietzsche utilize this translation engine, inherited from the culture, we find it essential to deconstruct the image of woman present in both authors, in order to open the way to representations that are less compromised to a phallocentric perspective.

Palavras-chave : gender; woman; sexuality; phallus; passivity.

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