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Natureza humana

versão impressa ISSN 1517-2430


TADDEI, Paulo Mendes; COSTA, Arthur Barbosa da  e  FURTADO, Robson Roberto de Oliveira. Heidegger’s Phenomenology in Dreyfus’s Critique of Symbolic AI. Nat. hum. [online]. 2020, vol.22, n.1, pp. 95-122. ISSN 1517-2430.

While influential in Heidegger’s reception in the United States of America, Dreyfus’s work has been repeatedly criticized for developing a distorted and selective reading of Heidegger’s phenomenology. In this paper, we show that, regardless of Dreyfus’s later developments in cognitive science, his early critique of symbolic AI is supported by theses that can be located in Heidegger’s Being and Time, namely, that our sense of situation is both (i) pragmatic-holistic and (ii) intrinsically relevant (i.e. defined by our interests). After a general introduction, we present in the first section the project of symbolic AI and the general tone of Dreyfus’s criticism thereof; we then reconstruct Dreyfus’s criticism of R. Schank’s SAM; after that, we indicate how these theses are to be found in Heidegger’s Being and Time; we finally conclude by pointing out pending issues.

Palavras-chave : Dreyfus; Heidegger; phenomenology; GOFAI; holism; relevance.

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