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Natureza humana

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MARTINS, Alessandra Affortunati. A decolonial feminist view of culture and its discontents. Nat. hum. [online]. 2020, vol.22, n.2, pp. 44-61. ISSN 1517-2430.

It is a question of examining the essay Culture and its Discontents, written by Freud (1930), from a decolonial feminist perspective, especially from Françoise Vergès' (2020) A decolonial feminism and Grada Kilomba's (2019) Memories of plantation. Freud says that there are three threats made to civilization. One would come from Christians who have malnourished earthly life with their beliefs in the hereafter; another would have been made by women thirsty for sex and family affections, two aspects that would dispute libidinal investment with culture and the public sphere of life, spaces exclusive for men, the only ones truly capable of sublimation; the latter would come from European citizens sympathetic to the colonized peoples. It is not a matter of judging Freud anachronically by his positions and theoretical elaborations based on visions aligned with the colonization processes and misogyny. Pointing out these embarrassing points is interesting today only insofar as it re-situates contemporary psychoanalysis and puts it on alert about these places somewhat retrograde in civilizing terms. In any case, Freud's Moses is still a Freudian text that can face the stumbling blocks of the old father of psychoanalysis.

Palavras-chave : Malaise; Culture; Threats; Decolonial feminism.

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