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Natureza humana

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SCHLEMM, Julia Joergensen. The pandemic and its effects: the psychological consequences of over-idealization. Nat. hum. [online]. 2020, vol.22, n.2, pp. 125-133. ISSN 1517-2430.

The corona virus pandemic, which started in Brazil in March 2020, imposed to the individuals changes in their material reality. Freud (1900) established that this shared reality is not perceived in the same way by everyone, thus constituting another reality, the psychic one. In Freud's work, castration appears as a central element to think the formation of psychic reality in each one, a relation briefly demonstrated in this paper. The aim of this article was to inquire the different psychic formations generated in the same scenario, specifically melancholy. The choice for this pathology was due to its depressive condition, which can be found in many actual narratives. For that, melancholy was related to castration, indicating how it is experienced in this pathology. In Freud's theory, castration is understood as a synonym for the perception of the difference in material reality, which conducts to a loss of a narcissistic idealization state. Facing this fact, the melancholy would inhibit, unable to renounce the state of idealization. We conclude that the changes imposed by the current context can be experienced in a melancholic way, as a repetition of an excess of idealization that refuses to renounce.

Palavras-chave : Pandemic; Melancholy; Psychic reality; Castration; Idealization.

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