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Natureza humana

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KREIBICH, Susiane  and  LEITE, Thiago Soares. The ontological anteriority of individuation: second study. Nat. hum. [online]. 2021, vol.23, n.1, pp. 98-117. ISSN 1517-2430.

The article investigates how the subject is constituted in the psychoanalysis developed by Sigmund Freud. In Freudian theory, the subject is the result of a construct that takes over time and develops its subjectivity from an unconscious instance. The article develops in two moments. In the first, it is the main concepts developed in the first and second topical of the psychic apparatus: unconscious, pre-conscious/conscious, id, ego and superego. After this, it is the language, since this is the hallmark of the structure of the psychic apparatus, and of alterity, which enables the development of subjectivity. The development of subjectivity is the result of a process that takes place from the relationship with the other through language. In the second moment, we discuss the elements found in Freudian theory, showing that the subject that emerges and develops has an ontological substrate called "individual", and this allows him to develop his subjectivity. Subjectivity, therefore, does not make each individual unique and unrepeatable, but expresses the uniqueness of each.

Keywords : Individual; Identity; Subject; Psychoanalysis; Freud.

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